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Santé génésique dans les contextes humanitaires

During a crisis, the need for reproductive health services in humanitarian settings doesn’t go away. En réalité, ça augmente considérablement. Stories featured in this post are first-person accounts from those who have lived and worked in humanitarian settings.

À l'échelle mondiale, more people are on the move than ever before. By the end of 2018, il y avait environ 70.8 million people who were forcibly displaced, and it is estimated that 136 million people were in need of humanitarian assistance globalement. About half of all refugee, internally displaced, and stateless populations are women and girls. Those in humanitarian settings and those who are forcibly displaced are at an increased risk for many health concerns, including those related to reproductive health.

What Women and Girls Face

Pendant une crise humanitaire, the need for reproductive health care doesn’t go away. En réalité, ça augmente considérablement. Women and girls are more likely to experience interrupted contraceptive access—especially with methods that require frequent resupply, such as pills— as commodities and trained health professionals become scarcer and infrastructures to deliver contraceptives shut down.

Women and girls are also more likely to be victims of sexual violence during a humanitarian crisis. Sexual and gender-based violence is used as a tactic of war in many conflicts. And leaving doesn’t guarantee safety: Women and girls often face the risk of sexual and gender-based violence along their journeys and once they reach their destinations.

en outre, women are less likely to have access to reliable nutrition, often lack access to antenatal care, and are more likely to deliver prematurely. Coupled with the fact that emergency obstetric care and clean equipped delivery rooms are almost non-existent, being pregnant becomes increasingly dangerous.

What is Being Done To Provide Reproductive Health Care in Humanitarian Settings

The integration of reproductive health care into humanitarian settings has made significant strides in the last few decades, including the inclusion of reproductive health services into the Sphere Project’s Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response, which sets global benchmarks to guide responders.

en outre, reproductive health needs are also addressed in the Minimum Initial Service Package developed by the Inter-Agency Working Group on Reproductive Health in Crises (IAWG). Dans 2018, the IAWG released an updated version of the Inter-Agency Field Manual on Reproductive Health in Humanitarian Settings.

toutefois, despite the establishment of standards for reproductive health provision in humanitarian settings and efforts by organizations working in these settings, gaps still remain. Barriers to implementation are not unique to reproductive health. Funding for humanitarian aid continues to lag behind need year after year, with impacts on all aspects of health. Systemic and cultural aspects also impact implementation. Significantly, many interventions fail to reach the most vulnerable—adolescents, people with disabilities, LGTBI individuals, and sex workers.

Reproductive Health and Humanitarian Assistance

With many conflicts lasting not years but decades, many humanitarian organizations are reframing their programs to encompass more long-term planning and service delivery, not just emergency response. It is not uncommon for women or girls to live 20 years in a humanitarian setting. That could mean almost their entire reproductive age. Their fertility preferences do not stay static during this time—which means their reproductive needs are not only important, but essential.

Fundamentally, responders must prioritize reproductive health within humanitarian assistance, instead of being put second. This includes incorporating reproductive health in long-term preparedness planning, providing key reproductive and maternal health supplies in all preparedness kits, and strengthening systems to deliver reproductive care during times of crisis. It also includes a focus on related issues such as preventing gender-based violence and providing psychosocial and mental health support services. en outre, and perhaps most importantly, reproductive health care must be responsive to the changing needs and desires of women and girls.

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Une Nigériane et son frère déplacés par la violence de Boko Haram
Bretagne Goetsch

Agent de programme

Brittany Goetsch est chargée de programme au Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs. Elle soutient les programmes de terrain, création de contenu, et activités de partenariat de gestion des connaissances. Son expérience comprend l'élaboration d'un programme éducatif, formation des professionnels de la santé et de l'éducation, concevoir des plans de santé stratégiques, et gérer des événements de sensibilisation communautaire à grande échelle. Elle a obtenu son baccalauréat ès arts en sciences politiques de l'Université américaine. Elle détient également une maîtrise en santé publique en santé mondiale et une maîtrise ès arts en études latino-américaines et hémisphériques de l'Université George Washington..

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