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فوری پڑھیں پڑھنے کا وقت: 4 منٹ

نوجوان غصہ: لڑکوں اور نوجوان مردوں کو صحت مند بنانے کے لیے رہنمائی کرنا, صنفی مساوی تعلقات

We’re sharing pieces that prioritize youth voices and highlight programs that support them and their voluntary reproductive health care needs. We hope you enjoy this series and learn from the advocates and participants who share their experiences.

“I learned how to use a condom.”
“I like knowing how to report violence.”
“I found out how HIV spreads.”
“Understanding the differences between boys and girls will help me when I get married because I don’t want to have a gap in our understanding of each other.”
“I found out some of my feelings, like defying my parents, are normal for my age.”

These comments from adolescent boys and young men (ABYM) in Uganda who took part in the field test of a new mentoring program spotlight the issues the program was created to address.

Under the U.S. ایجنسی برائے بین الاقوامی ترقی (تم نے کہا)-funded Youth Power Action project, ایف ایچ آئی 360 developed and implemented a multicomponent mentoring program for ABYM (عمر 15-24) ینگ ایمنزی کہتے ہیں۔. یہ پروگرام مثبت صنفی اصولوں کو فروغ دیتا ہے۔, صنفی مساوی اور صحت مند تعلقات, and economic productivity while also addressing the voluntary reproductive health care needs of ABYM. Emanzi meansmale role modelin Rukiga, one of the local languages of Uganda.

ینگ ایمنزی FHI 360 کے دو دیگر مشورتی پروگراموں کے کامیاب نفاذ پر استوار ہے۔, انیاکا مکویری (نوعمر لڑکیوں اور نوجوان خواتین کے لیے) اور گیلے (شراکت داروں کے ساتھ مردوں کے لیے).

ینگ ایمنزی FHI 360 کے دو دیگر مشورتی پروگراموں کے کامیاب نفاذ پر استوار ہے۔, انیاکا مکویری (نوعمر لڑکیوں اور نوجوان خواتین کے لیے) اور گیلے (شراکت داروں کے ساتھ مردوں کے لیے).

The program’s promise

ABYM face unique health and development challenges that affect their ability to make a successful, healthy transition into adulthood. Promoting positive youth development and transforming gender norms can help young men to address their own health needs and also to support young women to attain theirs. Research has shown that boys with positive male role models are more likely than those without them to question harmful gender stereotypes and inequalities (Plourde et al., 2020).

ینگ ایمنزی FHI 360 کے دو دیگر مشورتی پروگراموں کے کامیاب نفاذ پر استوار ہے۔, the YouthPower Action mentoring programming for adolescent girls and young women (AGYW), بلایا انیاکا مکویری, and the Advancing Partners and Communities project’s Emanzi program شراکت داروں کے ساتھ مردوں کے لیے. Both programs have been implemented and evaluated. Emanzi was shown to be effective at changing gender norms (measured by Gender-Equitable Men [GEM] scale scores) and increasing contraceptive use and economic productivity. Anyaka Makwiri demonstrated significant improvement in HIV knowledge and savings behavior.

The Young Emanzi program recognizes that for it to be truly gender transformative, AGYW also need to be engaged. Thus, there are four joint sessions with AGYW covering topics on communication about money, gender and health, puberty, and pregnancy prevention.

What is the Young Emanzi Toolkit?

The Young Emanzi mentoring program consists of 16 sessions, each approximately 1.5 کو 2 hours long, including the four joint sessions with AGYW and their mentors. The program concludes with a community celebration and graduation for the ABYM and AGYW, that recognizes their completion of the program. Each session consists of information-sharing; games and role-plays; and a challenge to practice between sessions the skills they learned on topics that include gender, financial literacy, puberty and reproductive health, HIV and voluntary medical male circumcision, alcohol abuse, and violence prevention. The program also addresses the critical soft skills that have been identified as the most likely to increase the odds of youth success: positive self-concept, self-control, and higher order thinking (Gates et al.,2016).

دی Young Emanzi Toolkit for Mentoring Adolescent Boys and Young Men has four components:

  1. Guidance document describing the development of the toolkit, roles and responsibilities of partners, resources for training mentors, job aids, اور مزید.
  2. Trainers’ guide and resources containing instructions for trainers to prepare mentors to implement the program.
  3. Mentors’ handbook with instructions for conducting 16 sessions.
  4. Mentors’ flipbook to be used during mentoring sessions, featuring illustrated pages for mentees and session summaries for mentors.

The toolkit’s design was informed by a systematic review that examined mentoring programs that measured the outcomes of interest (Plourde et al., 2020). اس کے علاوہ, participant engagement workshops were held with men who had completed the Emanzi program (Emanzi graduates), AGYW and their mentors from Anyaka Makwiri, and ABYM. Lastly, a field test of the materials with Emanzi graduates and ABYM helped fine-tune the program.

In addition to family planning and health topics, Young Emanzi also addresses important soft skills that have been identified as contributing to youth success: positive self-concept, self-control, and higher-order thinking. Photo by Esteban Castle on Unsplash.

In addition to voluntary family planning and health topics, Young Emanzi also addresses important soft skills that have been identified as contributing to youth success: positive self-concept, self-control, and higher-order thinking. Photo by Esteban Castle پر Unsplash.

How can my organization use the Young Emanzi Toolkit?

The toolkit is intended to be adapted to suit the specific needs of ABYM within their local environment and cultural context. The Young Emanzi program can be integrated into an existing program using the processes described in the Young Emanzi Guidance Document. اضافی طور پر, although this program was designed to have Emanzi graduates as mentors, if there is no Emanzi program where Young Emanzi is being implemented, mentors should be men who have completed a similar gender-transformative program.

As the communities around the world continue to face gender-based violence, violent extremism, and poor health outcomes for ABYM and adult men (all potentially exacerbated by the coronavirus pandemic), communities must work together to develop their young people for a better future. The Young Emanzi program provides a holistic approach to strengthening and building the skills and resources ABYM need to transform into gender-equitable leaders in their communities.

ایف ایچ آئی 360 is currently seeking funding to make adaptations that address pandemic-related issues, including the need for more physical distancing, the rise in gender-based violence, increased mental health concerns, and the shift to virtual programming where appropriate.

Partners interested in learning more about the Young Emanzi Toolkit or integrating this activity into their programs can contact Leigh Wynne at Lwynne@fhi360.org.

References

Plourde K, Thomas R, Nanda G. Boys mentoring, gender norms, and reproductive health—potential for transformation. ڈرہم, NC: ایف ایچ آئی 360; 2020.

Gates S, Lippman L, Shadowen N, Burke H, Diener O, Malkin M. Key soft skills for cross-sectoral youth outcomes. واشنگٹن, ڈی سی: USAID’s YouthPower: Implementation, YouthPower Action; 2016.

ینگ ایمنزی FHI 360 کے دو دیگر مشورتی پروگراموں کے کامیاب نفاذ پر استوار ہے۔, انیاکا مکویری (نوعمر لڑکیوں اور نوجوان خواتین کے لیے) اور گیلے (شراکت داروں کے ساتھ مردوں کے لیے).
لی وین

ٹیکنیکل ایڈوائزر, عالمی صحت, آبادی اور غذائیت, ایف ایچ آئی 360

لی وین, MPH is a Technical Advisor in the Global Health, آبادی اور غذائیت (GHPN) department at FHI 360. اس کی مہارت کے شعبوں میں تحقیق کا استعمال شامل ہے۔, خاندانی منصوبہ بندی, reproductive health and gender. Her tasks include synthesizing research results and programmatic experience into materials that meet global needs and promote evidence-based practices, building and maintaining partnerships; facilitating dissemination meetings, trainings and technical consultations; and supporting strategic advocacy, scale-up and institutionalization activities.

ریانا تھامس

ٹیکنیکل آفیسر, عالمی صحت, آبادی اور غذائیت, ایف ایچ آئی 360

ریانا تھامس, ایم پی ایچ, گلوبل ہیلتھ میں ٹیکنیکل آفیسر ہے۔, آبادی, اور FHI میں ریسرچ ڈیپارٹمنٹ 360. اس کے کردار میں, وہ پروجیکٹ کی ترقی اور ڈیزائن اور علم کے انتظام اور پھیلاؤ میں حصہ ڈالتی ہے۔. اس کی مہارت کے شعبوں میں تحقیق کا استعمال شامل ہے۔, مساوات, صنف, اور نوجوانوں کی صحت اور ترقی.

سٹیوی او. ڈینیئلز

Editor, تحقیق کا استعمال (عالمی صحت, آبادی, and Nutrition), ایف ایچ آئی 360

سٹیوی او. Daniels is an editor for the Research Utilization team at FHI 360 with experience in research and writing on HIV, key populations, خاندانی منصوبہ بندی, agriculture, and plant science. She holds a B.A. in English and a B.S. in agriculture and has more than 30 years of experience as an editor and writer as well as managing the development, ڈیزائن, and production of publications.

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