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Cerita Perlaksanaan: Bagaimana Program Menggunakan Amalan Berimpak Tinggi dan Garis Panduan WHO

IBP Network Presents Real-Life Experiences from Family Planning Programs


Pada awal 2020, the WHO/IBP Network and Knowledge SUCCESS Project launched an effort to support organizations to share their experiences using Amalan Berimpak Tinggi (PINGGUL) dan Garis Panduan dan Alat WHO in Family Planning and Reproductive Health Programming. The initial call for concepts led to over 100 submissions from more than 30 negara. Dalam bulan Jun 2020, we selected the winners—15 organizations and authors received a stipend to document and tell their story in their own words and with their own images. Authors were encouraged to highlight the successes, cabaran, and lessons learned implementing High Impact Practices in Family Planning and using WHO Guidelines and Tools in country-level programs.

We are proud to announce the publication of these 15 Implementation Stories on the WHO/IBP Network Website. The winning stories represent a diverse range of partners from 15 negara di seluruh dunia. Twelve stories were originally published in English, two in Spanish, and one in French, but all 15 stories will soon be available in all three languages.

Stories cover a range of topics from clinical service delivery to community engagement and showcase interventions in urban areas, rural and hard to reach places, and humanitarian settings. Sebagai tambahan, stories reflect work with a diversity of communities including men and boys, orang kurang upaya, youth and adolescents, and indigenous populations.

Most of the stories focus on service delivery interventions such as Mobile Outreach, Community Health Workers, Immediate Postpartum Family Planning, Drug Shops and Pharmacies, dan FP Immunization Integration. There are also several that discuss Community Group Engagement, Supportive Policies, Domestic Public Financing, dan Adolescent Responsive Contraceptive Services.

The WHO Medical Eligibility Criteria (MEC) dan MEC Wheel, Perancangan Keluarga: Buku Panduan Global untuk Pembekal, and the Family Planning Training Resource Package were applied in many of projects described in the stories. Other guidance—such as Ensuring Human Rights in the Provision of Contraceptive Information and Services, Quality Assessment Handbook, Guidance for Contraception for Women at High Risk of HIV, and selected WHO Guidelines for Adolescent Health—was also mentioned in some stories.

IBP Network: 15 stories about implementing High Impact Practices and WHO Guidelines in Family Planning

While these stories are diverse in topics and geography, there were some common themes and lessons learned throughout:

1) High Impact Practices are not implemented in isolation

In many of the Implementation Stories, while the focus was on one specific practice, these practices were often combined with others. Sebagai contoh, the “One Stop Shop” program by EngenderHealth Tanzania highlighted mobile outreach for family planning that linked to existing outreach services for HIV & TB screening, immunizations, and ARV refill days.

2) There are other “best practices” that are critical to successful program implementation

In many stories there were other practices that were mentioned that were essential to ensuring successful outcomes of the program. Sebagai contoh, in Nigeria, as part of “An integrated approach to increasing postpartum long-acting reversible contraception” by Clinton Global Health Access Initiative Inc., a detailed and robust mentoring program was incorporated for providers to support continued training, capacity building, dan kemampanan.

3) Linking WHO Guidelines and programmatic High Impact Practices facilitates use

Authors recognized the value of WHO Guidelines and Tools and expressed the need to better connect them with programmatic interventions like the HIPs. This can strengthen the quality of implementation and facilitate better use of WHO Guidelines at a more localized level. Sebagai contoh, in Burkina Faso, as part of the Jhpiego “Strengthening preservice education of midwifery and obstetrics and gynecology,” pre-service training was provided using the WHO Medical Eligibility Criteria and new graduates were given print copies of Perancangan Keluarga: Buku Panduan Global untuk Pembekal.

4) Family planning programming is intersectoral

In almost every story there were links between the family planning/health program and other aspects of community development such economic growth, pendidikan, community empowerment, climate, and government advocacy.

5) Supporting documentation efforts contributes to knowledge sharing

Providing partners with both funding and technical support to share their stories with their own voices not only enabled a fun and dynamic way to share experiences, but also provided an opportunity to strengthen capacity around documentation. It also allowed an exchange of information between authors and allowed partners to disseminate and share in their own country settings.

Pada bulan April 20, the IBP Network hosted a webinar for the global launch of the series (see details and listen to a recording here). In the coming months, WHO/IBP Network and Knowledge SUCCESS will be hosting a series of webinars with Implementation Story authors to hear more about their experiences; we look forward to bringing you more information soon.

Cerita Perlaksanaan: Bagaimana Program Menggunakan Amalan Berimpak Tinggi dan Garis Panduan WHO
Nandita Thatte

Ketua Rangkaian IBP, Pertubuhan Kesihatan Dunia

Nandita Thatte mengetuai Rangkaian IBP yang ditempatkan di Pertubuhan Kesihatan Sedunia di Jabatan Kesihatan dan Penyelidikan Seksual dan Reproduktif. Portfolio semasa beliau termasuk menginstitusikan peranan IBP untuk menyokong penyebaran dan penggunaan intervensi dan garis panduan berasaskan bukti, untuk mengukuhkan hubungan antara rakan kongsi berasaskan lapangan IBP dan penyelidik WHO untuk memaklumkan agenda penyelidikan pelaksanaan dan memupuk kerjasama di kalangan 80+ organisasi ahli IBP. Sebelum menyertai WHO, Nandita ialah Penasihat Kanan di Pejabat Penduduk dan Kesihatan Reproduktif di USAID tempat dia mereka bentuk, terurus, dan program yang dinilai di Afrika Barat, Haiti dan Mozambique. Nandita mempunyai MPH daripada Sekolah Kesihatan Awam Johns Hopkins dan DrPH dalam Pencegahan dan Kesihatan Komuniti daripada Sekolah Kesihatan Awam Universiti George Washington.

Sarah V. Harlan

Ketua Pasukan Perkongsian, Ilmu BERJAYA, Pusat Johns Hopkins untuk Program Komunikasi

Sarah V. Harlan, MPH, telah menjadi juara kesihatan reproduktif global dan perancangan keluarga selama hampir dua dekad. Beliau kini merupakan ketua pasukan perkongsian untuk projek Knowledge SUCCESS di Pusat Program Komunikasi Johns Hopkins. Kepentingan teknikal khusus beliau termasuk Penduduk, Kesihatan, dan Alam Sekitar (PHE) dan meningkatkan akses kepada kaedah kontraseptif yang bertindak lebih lama. Beliau ialah pengasas bersama inisiatif bercerita Suara Perancang Keluarga (2015-2020) dan mengetuai podcast Inside the FP Story. Dia juga merupakan pengarang bersama beberapa panduan cara, termasuk Membina Program Lebih Baik: Panduan Langkah demi Langkah untuk Menggunakan Pengurusan Pengetahuan dalam Kesihatan Global.

Carolin Ekman

Komunikasi dan Pengurusan Pengetahuan, Rangkaian IBP

Carolin Ekman bekerja untuk Sekretariat Rangkaian IBP, di mana tumpuan utamanya adalah pada komunikasi, media sosial dan pengurusan pengetahuan. Beliau telah mengetuai pembangunan Platform Komuniti IBP; menguruskan kandungan untuk rangkaian; dan terlibat dalam pelbagai projek berkaitan bercerita, strategi dan penjenamaan semula IBP. Dengan 12 tahun merentasi sistem PBB, NGO dan sektor swasta, Carolin mempunyai pemahaman pelbagai disiplin tentang SRHR dan kesannya yang lebih luas terhadap kesejahteraan dan pembangunan mampan. Pengalamannya merentasi komunikasi luaran/dalaman; advokasi; perkongsian awam/swasta; tanggungjawab korporat; dan M&E. Bidang tumpuan termasuk perancangan keluarga; kesihatan remaja; norma sosial; FGM; perkahwinan kanak-kanak; dan keganasan berasaskan penghormatan. Carolin memegang MSc dalam Teknologi Media/Kewartawanan daripada Institut Teknologi Diraja, Sweden, serta MSc dalam Pemasaran dari Universiti Stockholm, Sweden, dan juga telah mengkaji hak asasi manusia, pembangunan dan CSR di Australia dan Switzerland.

Anne Ballard Sara, MPH

Pegawai Kanan Program, Pusat Johns Hopkins untuk Program Komunikasi

Anne Ballard Sara ialah Pegawai Program II di Pusat Program Komunikasi Johns Hopkins, di mana dia menyokong aktiviti penyelidikan pengurusan pengetahuan, program lapangan, dan komunikasi. Latar belakangnya dalam kesihatan awam termasuk komunikasi perubahan tingkah laku, perancangan Keluarga, pemerkasaan wanita, dan penyelidikan. Anne berkhidmat sebagai sukarelawan kesihatan di Peace Corps di Guatemala dan memegang Ijazah Sarjana Kesihatan Awam dari Universiti George Washington.

Ados Velez Mei

Penasihat Teknikal Kanan, IBP, Pertubuhan Kesihatan Sedunia

Ados ialah Penasihat Teknikal Kanan di Sekretariat Rangkaian IBP. Dalam peranan itu, Ados menyediakan kepimpinan teknikal yang melibatkan organisasi ahli rangkaian mengenai pelbagai isu seperti mendokumentasikan amalan berkesan dalam perancangan keluarga, penyebaran amalan berimpak tinggi (PINGGUL), dan pengurusan pengetahuan. Sebelum IBP, Ados berpangkalan di Johannesburg, sebagai penasihat serantau untuk Perikatan HIV/AIDS Antarabangsa, menyokong beberapa pertubuhan ahli di Afrika Selatan. Dia telah berakhir 20 tahun pengalaman dalam reka bentuk program kesihatan awam antarabangsa, pembantu teknikal, pengurusan, dan pembinaan kapasiti, memberi tumpuan kepada HIV/AIDS dan Kesihatan Reproduktif.

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