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Vakio haingana Fotoana Famakiana: 6 minitra

Fandaharana AYSRH isan-karazany—Inona no miasa, Inona no tsy, Nahoana no zava-dehibe izany

Famerenana ny lohahevitry ny fifampiresahana 5, Session Two

Tamin'ny Oktobra 28, Ny Knowledge SUCCESS sy ny FP2030 no nampiantrano ny fivoriana faharoa tamin'ny andian-dresaka farany nataonay tao amin'ny andian-dresaka mampifandray.. Amin'ity fivoriana ity, nandinika ny tanjaka ireo mpandahateny, Zava-tsarotra, and lessons learned in implementing multi-sectoral programming in AYSRH and why multi-sectoral approaches are key to rethinking AYSRH service provision.

Tsy nahita ity fivoriana ity? Vakio ny famintinana etsy ambany na midira ny firaketana (in anglisy na FRANTSAY).

Mpandahateny nasongadina:

  • Andrea Padilla, program manager at International Youth Foundation (IYF).
  • Josaphat Mshighati, regional technical advisor for East and Southern Africa—Women’s led Climate Resilience at Pathfinder International.
  • Metsehate Ayenekulu, AYSRH Program Director at Population Services International, Ethiopia.
  • Sia Nowrojee, senior director of Global Community at Girl Up of the United Nations Foundation, acted as the moderator for this discussion.
Clockwise from top right: Sia Nowrojee (moderator), Andrea Padilla, Metsehate Ayenekulu, Josaphat Mshighati.
Clockwise from top right: Sia Nowrojee (mpandamina), Andrea Padilla, Metsehate Ayenekulu, Josaphat Mshighati.

Based on your own experience working across sectors, what does multi-sectoral programming mean to you?

Jereo izao: 13:53

Speakers discussed the importance of using a holistic approach within multi-sectoral programming, sharing stories from within their respective sectors. Ayenekulu emphasized that effective multi-sectoral collaboration requires considering young people as actors and decision-makers, rather than simply treating them as users of a given program. She explained that young people and adolescents must be centered in the design process, as they are experts regarding the issues facing them. Padilla highlighted several necessities for effective collaboration: clearly identifying the issues that need to be addressed within the target population, understanding one’s own role in the system surrounding that issue, and discovering other strategic stakeholders in that system. She explained that multi-sectoral programming requires systems thinking, as programs must address the broader set of challenges and circumstances that undermine youth potential. Mshighati echoed the sentiments of the other speakers, commenting that through analysis of human and community needs, it is clear they are interconnected and must be addressed with this in mind.

“Multi-sectoral collaboration calls for considering [tanora] as main actors, as decision-makers in their life, as experts of their own issues, rather than considering them as mere beneficiaries.”

Metsehate Ayenekulu

Who are some of the key stakeholders that need to be involved in multi-sectoral programming? What are some of the key entry points for bringing sectors together?

Jereo izao: 26:17

Mshighati explained that engaging key beneficiaries is critical to implementing and enhancing multi-sectoral programming. He described how young people in the community are the ones who can explain the unique challenges they face, devise a solution, and outline their own capabilities and support needs. Mshighati went on to highlight the importance of governmental stakeholders, detailing the stages of how a program can be evaluated and supported at different governmental levels. He also mentioned the importance of engaging civil society organizations, as they can assist in key ways at various implementation levels. As an example, he described Pathfinder’s efforts to bridge the work of family planning initiatives and conservation programs in the East African region, underscoring the necessity of bringing these groups together to discuss potential solutions to their intersecting issues.

Ayenekulu discussed how multi-sectoral programming can address the needs of diverse populations of adolescents and young people; consequently, ny types of sectors that should be included will differ based on these unique needs. She explained that the difference between the needs and priorities of youth populations, and the strategies that collaborating sectors must use to address these needs, highlights the necessity of centering young people in program design and implementation. Padilla discussed the importance of involving private-sector stakeholders, who have a vested interest in promoting AYSRH due to its positive impacts on the employability of young people. She shared a story of integrating AYSRH into a program that aimed to help young people find employment in Mexico, and how it was surprising yet understandable that industry employers were interested in supporting this initiative. Padilla explained that these sectors are motivated to promote the health and wellbeing of youth and adolescents, as addressing these larger systemic problems can also improve their employment rates.

Are there theories of behavior change that can inform multi-sectoral programming? How are we capturing knowledge learned through the implementation of this type of programming?

Jereo izao: 33:59

Mshighati discussed how consistent and collaborative learning sessions can enhance the collective knowledge gained through multi-sectoral programming. In his experience, the learning process is informed by continuously monitoring the programming and evaluating its effectiveness; he described how evaluation mechanisms must be jointly developed during the design phase in order to benefit all stakeholders. Mshighati explained that, in these learning sessions, program leaders meet with community members, government officials, and civil society stakeholders to analyze knowledge gained, evaluate key outcomes, assess any emerging challenges, and devise ways to address them.

“Much of what is needed to achieve certain SRH outcomes, either in women or in youth and adolescents, had to do with behavior change through communication.”

Josaphat Mshighati

What are some of the theories around systems thinking that have informed your work in multi-sectoral programming?

Jereo izao: 37:52

Padilla spoke about the importance of understanding the greater context of issues facing youth and adolescents, explaining how program leaders can draw on stakeholders existing in that context in order to improve their program’s outcomes. She described the necessity of identifying key local stakeholders who may wish to be included in AYSRH programming and discovering their potential incentives to collaborate. Padilla went on to explain how, by creating a map of the resources and organizations that exist around the target population, program developers can engage with stakeholders outside of their sector and work together to combat larger systemic issues. She also mentioned the necessity of tailoring one’s language to their stakeholder audience, as communication is key to ensuring buy-in and enhancing collaboration.

“This approach has given us the opportunity to not only tackle a specific issue but also to look at different actors that are not in our own sector that might be super strategic to involve in our work; it can help us provide better outcomes and better services for our young people.”

Andrea Padilla

How do we evaluate the efficacy of partnerships between sectors? What are the ways that we can hold ourselves accountable as partners?

Jereo izao: 43:32

Ayenekulu emphasized that strong coordination mechanisms are critical for efficient and effective multi-sectoral approaches. These mechanisms must include clearly outlined roles and responsibilities for each partner, and a strong accountability framework must also be built into the coordination mechanism. Ayenekulu explained that an accountability framework can exist in several forms, such as formal evaluations. She also highlighted the need for clear, tangible, and measurable goals and consistent data collection regarding whether or not goals were met.

“For a multi-sectoral approach to work, there must be a strong coordination mechanism, and it should be supported by clear lines of roles and responsibilities.”

Metsehate Ayenekulu

In addition to the collaborative design of programming, do you think that joint implementation is necessary within multi-sectoral programming? What do you find has worked the best in your experience?

Jereo izao: 46:49

Mshighati discussed the reasons why joint implementation has more benefits than simply joint planning or parallel implementation (where programs are simultaneously implemented but not integrated). He explained that the efficacy of joint implementation depends on the strength of the relationship between collaborating sectors; if the relationship isn’t sufficiently strong, each partner runs the risk of not adequately integrating the others’ work into their own. If this happens, two jointly designed programs may be implemented alongside each other without efficiently maximizing their potential for coordination. Mshighati suggested that joint implementation can facilitate a culture where everyone understands how their different forms of work intersect and complement each other, which can translate into improved program outcomes and better use of limited resources.

“In joint implementation, you build a culture of every person understanding the work of others.”

Josaphat Mshighati

Momba ny "Connecting Resadresaka"

Resadresaka mampifandray” dia andian-dahatsoratra namboarina manokana ho an'ny mpitarika tanora sy tanora, nampiantranoin'ny FP2030 ary FAHAMARINANA ny fahalalana. Ahitana lohahevitra dimy, miaraka amin'ny resaka efatra na dimy isaky ny maody, Ity andiany ity dia manolotra fijery feno momba ny Fahasalamana ara-pananahana ho an'ny tanora sy ny tanora (AYRH) lohahevitra anisan'izany ny fampandrosoana ny tanora sy ny tanora; Fandrefesana sy fanombanana ny fandaharan'asa AYRH; Fandraisana anjaran'ny Tanora misy dikany; Fampandrosoana ny fikarakarana mitambatra ho an'ny tanora; ary ny 4 P's an'ny mpilalao manan-danja ao amin'ny AYRH. Raha nanatrika ny iray amin'ireo fivoriana ianao, dia fantatrao fa tsy webinars mahazatra anao ireo. Ireo resadresaka ifandrimbonana ireo dia ahitana mpandahateny fototra ary mandrisika ny fifanakalozan-kevitra misokatra. Entanina ny mpandray anjara hametraka fanontaniana mialoha sy mandritra ny resaka.

Andiany fahadimy sy farany, “Fironana mipoitra sy fomba fiasa fanovana ao amin'ny AYSRH,” nanomboka tamin’ny Oktobra 14, 2021, and wrapped up on November 18, 2021.

Te-hiditra amin'ny andian-dresaka teo aloha?

Ny andiany voalohany, izay nanomboka tamin'ny Jolay 2020 hatramin'ny Septambra 2020, nifantoka tamin'ny fahatakarana fototra momba ny fivoaran'ny tanora sy ny fahasalamana. Ny andiany faharoa, izay nanomboka tamin'ny Novambra 2020 hatramin'ny Desambra 2020, nifantoka tamin'ireo mpikatroka mitsikera mba hanatsarana ny fahasalaman'ny fananahana ny tanora. Ny andiany fahatelo dia nanomboka ny volana martsa 2021 ho Aprily 2021 ary nifantoka tamin'ny fomba fandraisana ny tanora amin'ny serivisy SRH. Nanomboka tamin'ny volana Jona ny andiany fahefatra 2021 ary nifarana tamin'ny volana Aogositra 2021 ary nifantoka tamin'ny fanatratrarana ireo tanora manan-danja ao amin'ny AYSRH. Afaka mijery ianao noraisim-peo (misy amin'ny teny anglisy sy frantsay) ary mamaky famintinana ny resaka hanatratra.

Resadresaka mampifandray
Jill Litman

Global Partnerships Intern, FP2030

Jill Litman dia zokiolona ao amin'ny University of California, Berkeley mianatra momba ny Fahasalamam-bahoaka. Ao anatin'ity sehatra ity, faly indrindra amin'ny fahasalaman'ny reny sy ny rariny momba ny fananahana izy. Izy dia FP2030 Global Partnerships Intern ho an'ny fianjeran'ny 2021, manampy ny ekipa Global Initiatives amin'ny asany miaraka amin'ny Tanora Focal Points sy ny asa hafa ho an'ny 2030 tetezamita.

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