புருண்டியில் உள்ள இளம்பெண்கள் மற்றும் இளம் பெண்களின் இனப்பெருக்க ஆரோக்கியத்தை பாதிக்கும் சமூக நெறிமுறைகளை ஆராயும் USAID-ன் நிதியுதவியுடன் கூடிய பாசேஜஸ் திட்டத்தின் சமீபத்திய ஆய்வை இந்த பகுதி சுருக்கமாகக் கூறுகிறது.. We explore how the research findings can be applied in the design of reproductive health programs to identify and involve key influence groups that affect social norms.
“…The dialogue between parents and children regarding sexual and reproductive health…does not exist! Why? Because of social norms, parents think that by talking about this with their children, they will be saying bad things. That’s why menstruation comes as a surprise to 13- or 14-year-olds.”
சமூக விதிமுறைகள் are particularly relevant among young people. Compared to adults, young people have less power in society to make or break social rules. கூடுதலாக, peer relationships become more influential during adolescence. In many low- மற்றும் நடுத்தர வருவாய் நாடுகள், such as Burundi, social norms are not well documented, but likely have a large influence on adolescent girls and young women’s ability to access reproductive health information and care.
தி பாதைகள் திட்டம்—funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)— recently completed a qualitative study researching social norms affecting the reproductive health of adolescent girls and young women in four provinces in Burundi. Focus group discussions and a problem tree exercise adapted from the Social Norms Exploration Tool (SNET) explored social norms around the following:
The study also examined the groups of people that influence norms for each of these behaviors, and in what ways.
Targeting adolescents alone will not achieve social norms change: The study identified eight different reproductive health social norms that adolescent girls were expected to follow, such as managing their menstrual hygiene discreetly and not getting pregnant before marriage. Yet, they did not have sufficient support, power, நிறுவனம், or information to make informed, independent choices about their reproductive health. Rather, the social norms that adolescents are pressured to comply with are enforced and upheld by many others in the broader social community.
Figure 2. Illustration of range of parental influence on adolescents’ reproductive health norms compliance.
இங்கே கிளிக் செய்யவும் for web accessible version.
The fact that multiple influence groups exist, many of which both enforce and provide support for opposing harmful norms, has important implications for program design and implementation.