Nyora kutsvaga

In-Depth Project News Nguva Yekuverenga: 12 maminitsi

COVID-19 uye AYSRH: Chirongwa Chekugadzirisa Zvidzidzo uye Nyaya dzeKusimba


Musi waApril 27, Zivo SUCCESS yakabata webinar, "COVID-19 uye Vachiri kuyaruka uye Vechidiki Bonde uye Hutano hwekubereka (AYSRH): Nhau dzeKusimba uye Zvidzidzo Zvakadzidzwa kubva kuChirongwa Chekugadzirisa. " Vatauri vashanu kubva pasirese pasi rose vakapa data nezviitiko zvavo pamabatiro eCCIDID-19 pane zvabuda muAYSRH, masevhisi, uye mapurogiramu.

Ndakapotsa chikamu ichi? Verenga pfupiso iri pasi apa kana kuona zvakarekodhwa (mu Chirungu kana ChiFrench) kana kuverenga chinyorwa (muchirungu).

Vatauri

Moderator: Dr. Zayithwa Fabiano,
Witwatersrand University,
Muvambi, Health Access Initiative Malawi

Catherine Packer

Catherine Packer,
Senior Research Associate,
FHI 360

Dr. Astha Ramaiya

Dr. Astha Ramaiya,
Research Associate,
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Chikoro cheHutano Hwevanhu

Speaker: Lara van Kouterik Head of Learning and Partnership Development Girls Not Brides: The Global Partnership to End Child Marriage

Lara van Kouterik,
Musoro weKudzidza uye Kuvandudza Kudyidzana,
Vasikana Kwete Varoora

Speaker: Dr. Nicola Gray Vice President for Europe International Association of Adolescent Health (IAAH)

Dr. Nicola Gray,
Mutevedzeri weMutungamiri weEurope,
International Association of Adolescent Health (IAAH)

Speaker: Ahmed Ali Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights Consultant WHO

Ahmed Ali,
DzeBonde neKubereka Nevachiri kuyaruka Hutano neKodzero Consultant,
WHO

Catherine Packer: Mhedzisiro yeCOVID-19 paKuronga Kwemhuri muAfrica neAsia

Kutanga kwegore rino, Ruzivo SUCCESS yakatanga chiitiko chekudyidzana Kubatanidza maDots. Inotsvaga maitiro eCCIDID-19 pakuronga mhuri muAfrica neAsia. Kubatanidza maDots kwaisanangana nepwere, saka Ms. Packer akaratidzira hutsva hutsva hwekuburitsa maitiro eCCIDID-19 pakushandiswa kwevakadzi vadiki nzira dzekudzivirira nadzo.. Ongororo iyi yakashandisa Performance Monitoring for Action data kubva muna Zvita 2019 kusvika Ndira 2021. Vakatsvaga kupindura mibvunzo miviri nezve denda iri pavakadzi vadiki:

  1. Ko vavariro dzepamuviri kana kushandisa nzira dzekudzivirira kubata pamuviri dzakashanduka nekuda kweCOVID-19?
  2. Vakadzi vaikwanisa kuwana masevhisi eFP panguva yedenda?

Migumisiro Yekuongorora

Iyo data inoratidza shanduko shoma mukushandiswa kwekudzivirira kubata pamuviri muvakadzi vadiki pane 25 pamwe chete nezvose. Ongororo yakazotevera yeCCIDID-19 yakaratidza kushandiswa kwekudzivirira kubata pamuviri muBurkina Faso neKenya kwaive kwakakwira zvishoma pane pre-denda mazinga. (ona girafu pazasi).

A bar chart that shows contraceptive use by age by age (
Dzvanya here kuti uwane vhezheni yegirafu iyi.

Ongororo yakazotevera yeCCIDID-19 yakaratidza kuwedzera kudiki kwevakadzi vachichinjira kune imwe nzira isingashande yekudzivirira kubata pamuviri kana pasina nzira pa. Kazhinji, mashoma kana akafanana muzana evakadzi vadiki kana vachienzaniswa nevakadzi vakuru vakachinja (ona girafu pazasi).

A graph that shows the percentage of people who switched to a less effective or no method of contraception by age (
Dzvanya here kuti uwane vhezheni yegirafu iyi.

Ongororo imwecheteyo yakaratidzawo kuti vakadzi vazhinji vakataura zvikonzero zvine chekuita neCCIDID-19 zvekusashandisa kubata pamuviri. MuLagos, vakadzi vadiki vakawanda vakataura COVID-19 sechikonzero chekusashandisa, asi izvi handizvo mune mamwe marongero (ona girafu pazasi).

A graph that shows contraception non-use for COVID-19 reasons by age (
Dzvanya here kuti uwane vhezheni yegirafu iyi.

Key Takeaways

  • Ms. Packer akakurudzira kuti mitemo nekugadzirisa zvirongwa zvinoita kuti vakadzi vaenderere mberi nekushandisa nzira dzekudzivirira kubata pamuviri panguva yedenda. Ichi chinogona kunge chiri chikonzero chekukanganisa kwacho kwanga kusiri kwakanyanya sezvaityiwa pakutanga.
  • Zvichienderana nechiratidzo, pakanga pane misiyano mukushandiswa kwekudzivirira pamuviri zvichienderana nezera. Vakanga vasina kuenderana munyika dzese kana kunyange mukati menyika panguva dzakasiyana. Data yevechidiki yaisakwanisa kuparadzaniswa kuti isiyanise pakati pevechiri kuyaruka (15–19) nevakadzi vaduku (20–24). Izvi zvinogona kunge zvakaburitsa mamwe manzwisisiro, saka isu tinoda data rakawanda kuti tinyatso ongorora maitiro eCCIDID-19 paAYSRH.

“Mukuongorora uku, zvinoita sekunge COVID-19 kukanganisa kushandiswa kwekudzivirira kubata pamuviri mukati megore rekutanga redenda rinogona kunge risina kusimba sezvaityiwa pakutanga. "

Catherine Packer, FHI 360

Dr. Astha Ramaiya: Mhedzisiro yeCOVID-19 Pandemic kune Vachiri kuyaruka muLMICs

Chinangwa chaDr. Tsvagiridzo yaRamaiya yaive yekumepu nekubatanidza iyo mabhuku pamusoro pemigumisiro yeCOVID-19 denda pahutano hwevachiri kuyaruka uye magariro zvakaderera- uye nyika dzine mari yepakati (LMICs). Izvi zvakabuda zvakaiswa muboka sehutano, hukama hwemagariro, dzidzo, uye kusiyana (ona chati pazasi).

Dr. Ramaiya nevamwe vake vakapedza kukurumidza kuongorora mabhuku 90 zvinyorwa kugadzira ongororo yakavakirwa pane yakakura, umboo hwakakwana.

A chart that shows the impact of COVID-19 on adolescents. The chart shows the impacts on health (physical, mental, sexual and reproductive health, and vaccine perceptions), social relationships (family and peer), education (remote education access and experiences and future aspirations), and disparities (economic ramifications, food insecurity, and increased vulnerabilities on marginalized populations.
Dzvanya here kuti uwane vhezheni yechati ino.

Migumisiro uye Analysis

  • Macro-level zvinoreva
    • Panharaunda yenharaunda, Dr. Ramaiya akawana mishumo yekuwedzera kusaenzana kwevakadzi, kuwedzera kwekusagadzikana kwevanhu vakasarudzika, uye kuwedzera kuri kuita hupfumi nekuda kwedenda. Akanyatsoratidza kukanganisa kwehupfumi: 60% ye Vechidiki kunetseka nezveramangwana ravo rehupfumi, uye 80% yakashuma mamiriro ehupfumi emhuri akaipisisa kupfuura dambudziko risati raitika.
  • Meso-level zvinoreva
    • Dr. Ramaiya akaona kuti vechidiki vaive nehukama husina kunaka hwemhuri nevezera. Dzidzo yavo yakanyanya kukanganiswa neCOVID-19. Ongororo iyi yakacherekedza kudzikira kukuru kweavo vari kushingaira mukudzidza nekuda kwezvinhu zvine chekuita nedzidzo yekure. Zvinhu izvozvo zvaisanganisira kushaikwa kweinternet yakavimbika, kwete zvokushandisa zvakakwana kana rutsigiro kubva kuvadzidzisi, uye nguva yakawanda inopedzerwa ndichiita basa rinobhadharwa. Izvi zvakakonzera kuwanda kwekusiya chikoro kwekutanga.
  • Zvinoreva hutano hwemunhu
    • Denda reCCIDID-19 rakabata zvakanyanya hutano kune vanhu vese, asi utano hwepfungwa muvechiduku hwakanyanya kukanganiswa. Vechidiki vakashuma kuwanda kwekuora mwoyo, kufunganya, stress, kusurukirwa, uye pfungwa yokuzviuraya.
    • Dr. Ramaiya akawana 16 zvinyorwa zvakanangana nedenda uye hutano hwepabonde nekubereka (SRH). Zvakawanda se 50% yevechiri kuyaruka haina kukwanisa kuwana hutano nekuda kweCCIDID-19 rusarura, kushaikwa kwekuwana nzvimbo, uye mutengo. Dr. Ramaiya akataura nezve data yakaratidza kuti avo vanoonekwa sevanhukadzi kunyanya vane dambudziko rekuwana rubatsiro rweSRH uye zvigadzirwa zvekuenda kumwedzi. MuKenya, Population Council inoti vanasikana vakasiira chikoro panzira nekuda kwekubata pamuviri kwavanga vasingatarisiri.

Key Takeaways

  • Dr. Ramaiya anosimbisa kukosha kwekupindura kune zvinodiwa nehutano hwepfungwa hwevechiri kuyaruka neuchapupu-hwakavakirwa nzira uye kutsigirwa kwevabereki. Kuwedzera kusaenzana mune zveupfumi kwakanganisa vachiri kuyaruka vari kurerukirwa vatova panjodzi. Zvirongwa zvinofanirwa kutarisisa kune ava vachiri kuyaruka uye izvo zvinokonzeresa kuderedzwa kwavo.
  • Kuvharwa kwezvikoro zvine chekuita nedenda kwakakonzera kusiya chikoro kwevachiri kuyaruka. Izvi zvinoratidza “kukosha kwekuita kuti zvikoro zvirambe zvakavhurika, kugadzira dzidzo ienderane nezvinodiwa nevana, uye dzidzo inopfuurira yevachiri kuyaruka vakura vakatanga basa.”
  • Panofanira kuve nekuedza kudzikisa rusarura rweCOVID-19 kuti ive nechokwadi chekuenderera mberi kwekuchengeta, kupa rubatsiro rwakasiyana-siyana kuvanhu vanotambura, uye kugovera zvinhu zvekuenda kumwedzi.

Lara van Kouterik, The Impact of COVID-19 paMwanano yeVana uye Vasikana Vechidiki

Ms. Van Kouterik akatanga mharidzo yake nekuongorora tsanangudzo yekuroorana kwevana uye kuti vangani vasikana pasi rose vakaroorwa vasati vasvika makore. 18.

Chii kuroorana kwevana?

  • Wanano yeucheche iroorano ipi neipi yepamutemo kana mubatanidzwa usina kurongeka umo mumwe wevachata ari pasi pezera re 18.
  • Munyika yose, gumi nepfumbamwe muzana yevasikana vanoroorwa kare 18.

COVID-19 Impact paMwanano yeVana

Ms. Van Kouterik akagovera izvozvo COVID-19 inogona kukanganisa kufambira mberi mukubvisa wanano yevana. UNICEF inoronga kuti a kuwedzera 10 mamiriyoni vasikana vaigona kupinda muwanano yevana na 2030 nekuda kwekuvharwa kwezvikoro, kuwedzera kwemazinga emimba yevachiri kuyaruka, kukanganisa mukutarisira SRH, kuvhunduka kwehupfumi, uye kufa kwevabereki.

Mashoko ekuroodzwa kwevana anounganidzwa nekutarisa vakadzi vane makore 20–24 uye kuona kuti vakaroorwa pazera ripi.. Izvi zvinoreva kuti zvakakurumidza kutaura kuti COVID-19 yakakanganisa sei kuroora kwevana. Kuti kuderedze kukanganisa ikoko, Vasikana kwete Varoora vanokurudzira kuve nechokwadi chekuwana rubatsiro rwehutano nedzidzo uye kugadzirisa kusamira kwehupfumi kwedenda.

Mienzaniso Yenharaunda

Girls Not Brides policy pfupi butiro. Mumwe musikana wechiduku weAfrica akapfeka chifukidziro chomusoro anotarisa muoni. Maziso ake ari kuboora, chiso chake chakashata uye chisinganyemwerere.

Girls Not Brides policy pfupi butiro.

West neCentral Africa

  • Girls not Brides rakabudiswa a policy pfupi pamwe nePlan International. Inosanganisira kucherechedzwa kubva kunhengo dziri pasi muWest neCentral Africa. Vakawana kuwedzera kwekubatwa chibharo uye pamuviri pevachiri kuyaruka, izvo zvinotungamirira kumuchato wevana. Vanoshuma zvakare kuti zvakaoma kuwana rubatsiro rweSRH, kusanganisira kuchengeta vanaamai vatsva mushure mekusununguka.

Mekisiko

  • MuMexico, Vasikana kwete nhengo dzeVaroora vakawana kuwedzera kwekufona kwemhirizhonga mudzimba uye kurekodha zviitiko zvemhirizhonga mudzimba. Paive nekubvisa pamuviri kushoma kwakanyorwa mukati 2020 than 2019, zvichida nekuda kwevakadzi nevasikana kusawana rubatsiro rwehutano nekuda kwedenda.

India

  • Vasikana kwete nhengo dzeVaroora muIndia vakanyora izvozvo 89% vemhuri vakashuma kukanganisa kwemari yemhuri yavo nekuda kwedenda. Vasikana vakanyanya kunzwa kuchinja uku, as 25% vakashuma kunzwa kuora mwoyo kana kushushikana pamusoro pemikana yavo yeramangwana. Chikamu chakafanana kubva muzana chevasikana havana kukwanisa kuwana zvekudzidzira kureba, uye vabereki vavo vakatanga kusafarira dzidzo yevanasikana vavo.

Key Takeaways

  • Zvirongwa zvinofanirwa kuwedzera mari mudzidzo yevasikana, SRH kuchengetedza, uye rubatsiro rwepfungwa. Ms. van Kouterik akasimbisa kukosha kwekutarisirwa kweSRH uye sevhisi munguva dzenhamo.
  • Zvirongwa zvechimbichimbi zvinofanirwa kukoshesa zvinodiwa nevasikana vachiri kuyaruka.
  • Masangano evagari venharaunda (CSOs) vari kutoshanda zvakananga nevasikana vachiri kuyaruka, saka masangano aya anoda rutsigiro uye mari.

Kuti udzidze zvakawanda nezve kukanganisa kweCCIDID-19 pawanano yevana, musoro ku Vasikana Kwete Varoora vachidzidza hub. Mapfupi anowanikwa muChirungu, ChiFrench, ChiSpanish, ChiArabic, Bangla, nechiPutukezi.

Dr. Nicola Gray: Kufungidzira kubva kuIAAH Nharaunda paASRH uye iyo COVID-19 Pandemic

Dr. Grey akatanga mharidzo yake nenhanganyaya pfupi kuna International Association for Adolescent Health (IAAH), sangano risiri rehurumende riri kushanda kuvandudza hutano hwevachiri kuyaruka pasi rose. Mukupindura kuCOVID-19 denda, IAAH yakaburitsa chirevo chekuchengetedza hutano hwevechiri kuyaruka panguva iyi yehutano hweveruzhinji. Dr. Grey akasimbisa fungidziro yekuti mamirioni ekuwedzera michato yevana uye nhumbu dzisingatarisirwe dzinogona kuitika nekuda kwedenda. (saMs. Packer uye Ms. van Kouterik yakakurukurwa pakutanga muchirongwa). IAAH yaisanganisira kurudziro pamusoro penzira yekusimbisa nekuwedzera kuedza kusvika vechidiki. Dr. Grey yakatsanangurwa mienzaniso kubva kumhando nhatu dzakasiyana dzekupindira: mutemo, telehealth, nekupa basa.

Legislative

MuMalaysia, hurumende yakadzika mitemo yekudzivirira vachiri kuyaruka nekuwedzera makore ekubatwa chibharo zviri pamutemo kubva 12 ku 16 zera. Wairambidza uye kuranga kuroodzwa kwevana. Nekuda kwedenda kuvharwa kwezvikoro uye kuoma kwehupfumi, vechidiki vazhinji vaive panjodzi yekushungurudzwa kwepabonde kana kuroodzwa kwevana. Rudzi urwu rwemutemo "mbiru yekudzivirira ASRH."

Telehealth Kupindira

MuUnited Kingdom, basa rehutano re digital, Brook, yakatanga sevhisi ye "digital front door" kuti isvike kune vechidiki vari kutsvaga SRH kutarisirwa kuburikidza nenharembozha.. Kune akasiyana matambudziko maererano nehutano hwedhijitari, kusanganisira:

  • Kurasikirwa kwekubatana kumeso.
  • Kusada kugovera ruzivo rwemunhu.
  • Kudiwa kwevashandi vekiriniki kuti vaone avo vari panjodzi.

Kuchengetedzwa kwevechiri kuyaruka kutsvaga kutarisirwa kwakakosha pakushanda kwekupindira kupi zvako, kunyanya hutano hwe digital. Kuti ive nechokwadi chekuchengetedzwa kwevarwere vayo, Brook inokurudzira avo vari panjodzi kuzviburitsa kuburikidza neapp. Inodzidzisa vashandi kuti vangaziva sei varwere vangave vari panjodzi (vaya vanoshandisa doro kana zvinodhaka vasati vasangana pabonde, kuita bonde nemudiwa mukuru, kunzwa kazhinji kuderera kana kuora mwoyo).

Kupindira Kwekupa Basa

Nekuda kwekukanganiswa kweCCIDID-19 kwehutano hwehutano muNigeria, network yevashandi vehutano yakasarudza kugadzirisa masevhisi avo kuti asvike vasikana vachiri kuyaruka. Vachiri kuyaruka 360 (A360) yakaona sevhisi yevhiki nevhiki ichidzikira kubva 2,000+ pre-denda kuti 250+ muna April 2020. Kuita chokwadi chekuti vanachipangamazano vayo vaipa rubatsiro rwakakodzera kuvarwere vayo, A360 yakaita dzidziso dzekupa varairidzi ruzivo rweCCIDID-19. Yakatangisawo maitiro ekubatanidza COVID-19 mubasa rayo razvino. Izvi zvaibvumira vanachipangamazano kuti vasangane chiso nechiso nevarwere vavo munharaunda dzavaigara. Ikoko vakapa SRH uye COVID-19 ruzivo vachiri kuita matanho ekuchengetedza kudzikamisa kupararira kweCOVID-19. Vanachipangamazano vakakwanisa kuendesa varwere kuA360 hubs kuti vatevedzerwe nefoni kana mameseji.

Key Takeaways

  • Simbisa avo vanoshandira uye vanoshanda nevechiri kuyaruka kuti vaone kuti vanogona kuona uye kuisa pamberi avo vari panjodzi.
  • Tora chaiyo SRH data uye tarisa mamiriro acho.
  • Shandisa tekinoroji yedhijitari.
  • Chengetedza munhu, kuonana kumeso.

Dr. Ahmed Ali: Zvidzidzo Zvakadzidzwa kubva kuAdaptation to Masangano Mhinduro kune SRH Zvinodiwa zveVachiri Kuyaruka muChimiro cheCOVID-19 Dambudziko.

Mr. Ali akatsanangura zvidzidzo kubva kune WHO mushumo nezve ASRH kutarisirwa mu mamiriro eCOVID-19. Yakatsanangura nyaya dzezvidzidzo zvebasa re 36 masangano kubva 16 nyika. Zvaive pachena kuti zvaive kumasangano emuno neepasirese kuti arambe akatariswa neAYSRH, sezvo hurumende zhinji dzakaisa pfungwa dzadzo chete kumutoro wehupfumi wedenda.

Mubvunzo Wokutsvakurudza

Masangano akagadzirisa sei mhinduro dzawo kune izvo SRH zvinodiwa zvevechiri kuyaruka panguva yeCOVID-19 denda? WHO yakatumira runhare rwakavhurika kuendesa nyaya dzezvidzidzo. Zvidzidzo zvenyaya zvakamiririra kutarisa kune masevhisi eSRH, zvakaita se:

  • Ruzivo nerubatsiro rwekudzivirira pamuviri.
  • Kuchengeta HIV.
  • Ruzivo rwehutano hwekuenda kumwedzi uye zvigadzirwa.

Zvidzidzo izvi zvakanyanyonangana nevasikana vechidiki nevaya vari munjodzi sevanorarama neutachiona hweHIV, LGBTQ+ vechidiki, nevaya vanogara kunzvimbo dziri kure.

Tsvagiridzo Zvakawanikwa

  • Masevhisi ekugadzirisa ainyanya kudhijitari kana kure-kwakavakirwa. Magadzirirwo ainyanyozivikanwa aive kushandiswa kwesocial media, redhiyo neTV, telehealth, kubvunzana kwefoni, uye e-pharmacy. Remote adaptation inodzikamisa njodzi yeCCIDID-19 kutapurirana. Ivo zvakare vanopindura kune gap mune SRH masevhisi kubva kuCCIDID-19 kukanganisa uye vanogona kusvika kune vanhu vanotambura zvakanyanya..
  • Muenzaniso kugadzirisa
    • MuUganda, UNFPA yakabatana neSafeBoda, mudhudhudhu taxi app, kugadzira e-pharmacy. Chero ani zvake, kusanganisira vachiri kuyaruka, inogona kuhodha zvemahara zvehutano hwekubereka kuburikidza neiyi app. Chikwata chebasa revatengi chakadzidziswa chaizvo kuti vangapindura sei kune zvinonetsa zve ASRH uye mibvunzo. Vakakwira 10 ma pharmacy kune app nerubatsiro rwevakasiyana-siyana vanobatana.
  • Zvinoreva kuita uye kutevera
    • Zvigadziriso zvinogona kushandiswa semubatsiri kana kutsiva yechinyakare pre-COVID-19 programming. Yakanga iri nguva pfupi kuti zvidzidzo zvakawanda zvibatanidze data rakakodzera rekuongorora, saka panodiwa mamwe data pamusoro pekubudirira. WHO iri kuronga chikamu chechipiri chekuvandudzwa kwenyaya. Mushure memwedzi 18-24, inoda kuona kana masangano achiri kuzvishandisa uye nemhedzisiro yeongororo yavo.

Hurukuro ine mwero uye Mhedziso

Kuzviuraya Ideation muAdolescents

Unogona here kutsanangura nezvepfungwa yekuzviuraya muvachiri kuyaruka?

Dr. Ramaiya: Mitengo yekufunga kuzviuraya uye kuedza kwakasiyana kubva 10% ku 36%. Pfungwa yekuzviuraya yakatsanangurwa mune imwe ongororo muChina. Zvaida mapoka maviri evachiri kuyaruka: mumwe "akasiiwa" vana uye akaiswa muchikamu seakaganhurirwa uyezve rimwe boka harina "kusiyiwa kumashure" uye rakaiswa muchikamu seasina kurerekera.. Kuzviuraya kwakawanikwa kuva 36% pakati pevachiri kuyaruka ava. Zvevachiri kuyaruka vasingadi, zvinhu zvine chekuita nepfungwa yekuzviuraya zvaisanganisira dzidzo yevabereki yakaderera uye kushushikana kwakanyanya uye zviratidzo zvekuora mwoyo. Zvevachiri kuyaruka vakarambwa, ngozi dzaisanganisira kuva munhukadzi, dzidzo yevabereki yakaderera, mamiriro ehupfumi emhuri anoonekwa akashata, uye kufunganya uye kuora mwoyo zviratidzo.

PMA Zvakawanikwa

Unogona here kupa zvingango fungira kuti nei iyo PMA data ichiratidza kuderera kushoma kwekushandiswa kwekudzivirira kubata pamuviri pakati pevakadzi vechidiki inoyanana nemabhuku anoratidza kuwedzera kwehuwandu hwekuzvitakura kwevechiri kuyaruka uye mwana., early, uye muchato wokumanikidzirwa kana mubatanidzwa (CEFMU), sekupihwa nevamwe varatidziri? Ita izvi zvakawanikwa zvePMA zvienderane nedzimwe nyika / yepasi rose yekuunganidza data?

Ms. Packer: Denominator yechiratidzo chePMA vaive vakadzi vari panjodzi yekuzvitakura kusingatarisirwe. Izvi zvinotsanangurwa seasina pamuviri, asina mbereko, akaroora, kana kuti vakadzi vakaroorana vakanga vasingade kuita mwana mugore raitevera. Vashoma vachiri kuyaruka vane makore 15–19 vangakodzera iyi tsanangudzo. Isu takawana zvakafanana zvakawanikwa kune ichangoburwa FP2030 chirevo. Iyi data yakaratidza yakakwira kupfuura yaitarisirwa kushandiswa kwekudzivirira kubata pamuviri munyika ina uye kudzikira kushoma munyika mbiri asi zvachose hapana shanduko yakawanda.. Guttmacher data kubva munaKurume 2020 kusvika December 2020 yakaratidza kuderera kudiki mukushandiswa kwevachiri kuyaruka kudzivirira pamuviri. KuUganda, yakawedzera kubva pre-denda mazinga. Data iripo ichiri mashoma, asi zvinogara zvichiratidza kuti kuvhiringika kwaita zvishoma paSRH pane zvaitarisirwa pakutanga. Asi zvichiri kunonoka kuona izvi zvinokanganisa zvichiratidzwa mune data, saka isu tinofanirwa kumirira zvishoma uye kuongorora mamwe masosi data kuti tinzwisise maitiro.

Dambudziko uye Emergency Preparedness Recommendations

Ndeapi mazano maviri ekuita nekukurumidza kuderedza matambudziko, uye zvakare kurudziro mbiri dzinofanirwa kucherechedzwa nevagadziri vemitemo nevaiti vezvirongwa, kunyanya maererano nekugadzirira nekupindura kwechimbichimbi?

  • Ms. Packer
    • Tora nguva yekupemberera kubudirira kwakaita zvirongwa mukuenderera mberi nekupa mabasa akakosha ekudzivirira kubata pamuviri.
    • Webinars uye nyaya dzekuongorora nyaya dzinogona kutibatsira kugovera, kuwana, uye dzidza kubva kuaya akabudirira ekugadzirisa zvirongwa.
    • Isu tinofanirwa kunyatso gadzira data uye maturusi ekuunganidza kuti tikwanise kuongorora huwandu hwevechidiki uye kutora zvakasiyana siyana zvevechidiki.
    • Tinofanira kuyeuka kuti utano nedzidzo zvakabatana zvisingaparadzanisiki. Tinofanirawo kutarisa data kuratidza kukanganisa kwehutano hwepfungwa pakushandiswa kwekudzivirira pamuviri pakati pevechidiki.
  • Dr. Ramaiya
    • Mamiriro ehupfumi ane chekuita nedenda anga akashata kune vechidiki vanonyanya kudzvanywa.. Pane chinongedzo pakati pemacro-, meso-, uye micro-level kukanganisa-kupindira hakugone kuitika mune silo, tichitarisa pane zvinodiwa nemunhu mumwe nemumwe.
    • Isu tinofanirwa kuziva chokwadi chekuti denda rakawedzera kusarudzika kwemapoka aya akange atove akasarudzika., kusanganisira avo vari vasikana uye kubva kune yakaderera socioeconomic chimiro. Tinofanira kuderedza kusaenzana uku mune ramangwana.
  • Ms. kubva kuKouterik
    • Zviito zviviri zvepakarepo:
      • Zvakakosha kuti vasikana vadzokere kuchikoro. Tinofanira kuvimbisa 13 makore echikoro kumwana wese.
      • Dambudziko reCOVID-19 riri kubata avo vari panjodzi yekuroorwa kwevana. Tinofanira kunyatsotarisa hudzvanyiriri hunosangana nevanasikana uye kukoshesa kodzero nezvido zvevasikana ava, kunyanya munguva dzenhamo.
    • Mazano enguva refu:
      • Chinonyanya kukosha ndechekuti vanogadzira mitemo vatarise kuchengetedza kodzero dzevanhu munguva dzenhamo. Izvi zvinoreva kukoshesa zvinodiwa nevasikana, kusanganisira kuenderera mberi kwekuwana rubatsiro rwakakosha, SRHR kutarisira, uye dzidzo, asi zvakare kunyatsobvunza vasikana nevakadzi panguva yakazara kutenderera kwekugadzirira kwekukurumidzira, ngozi, kuderedza, uye mhinduro.
      • Tinofanira kuita chokwadi chekuti masangano emunharaunda ane mari yakakwana uye ane zviwanikwa zvaanoda kuti aenderere mberi nebasa. Ndivo vanopa mabasa, dzidzo, nerutsigiro kuvasikana, uye basa ravo rinokosha.
  • Dr. Gireyi
    • Zviito zvinokurumidza:
      • Kupa simba nekuzivisa vashandi vezvehutano munharaunda kwakakosha kuti pave nechokwadi chekuti hapana mukadzi kana musikana anovharirwa mabasa, kunyanya vanogara mumisasa yevapoteri kana munzvimbo dzine kurwisana.
      • Tinofanira kunyatsofunga nezve dhizaini uye hurongwa hwemasevhisi efoni. Vazhinji vane chokwadi chekuti kupindira uku ndiko “remangwana,” asi vanofanira kunge vachiziva kubvuma, kuvanzika, nekuchengetedza pakugadzira nekushandisa zvishandiso izvi.
    • Mazano enguva refu:
      • Kubatanidzwa uye kubatanidza vabereki kunokosha, sezvo vasikana vadiki vari kuwana masevhisi nevabereki vavo, vachishandisa mafoni evabereki vavo, uye kugamuchira nhungamiro yevabereki vavo.
      • Panofanira kuva nekubatana kwakadzama pakati pevashandi vehutano nezvikoro. Tinogona kuwedzera kusvika kune vechidiki vachiri kuyaruka nekupa rubatsiro kuburikidza nechikoro.
  • Mr. Ali
    • Zviito zvinokurumidza:
      • Kugovaniswa kwezvidzidzo zvakadzidzwa kunogona kubatsira vanobatana kudzikisira kukanganiswa kweCCIDID-19 mukuchengeta SRH, kunyanya maererano nekusvika kune vechidiki vanotambura zvakanyanya.
      • Kuunganidza data kwakakosha kuti udzidze zvakawanda nezve mhedzisiro yenguva refu yekuvhiringidza uku uye / kana kugadzirisa nekuda kweCOVID-19..
    • Mazano enguva refu:
      • Tinofanira kugonesa mapuratifomu ari nani uye anoshanda zvakanyanya kune vanobatana kuti vamiririre kuhurumende dzavo kuti vabvumire kubvumirana pane ASRH chirongwa..
      • Isu tinofanirwa kugadzira mameseji akajeka uye mapfupi nevanobatika vakatenderedza ASRH zvichienderana nekuunganidza kwedu data kuti tive nechokwadi chekuti kufambira mberi hakusi kudzoserwa nekuda kweCOVID-19 denda..
Nyamukuta achipa mazano kumadzimai akazvitakura.
Emily Haynes

Chirongwa Nyanzvi, Johns Hopkins Center yeKutaurirana Zvirongwa

Emily Haynes inyanzvi yeChirongwa paJohns Hopkins Center yeZvirongwa zvekutaurirana. Iye anotsigira ruzivo manejimendi zviitiko zveRuzivo SUCCESS chirongwa, kunyanya maererano neruzivo rwemichina. Zvaanofarira zvinosanganisira kuronga mhuri/hutano hwekubereka, gender equity, uye hutano nebudiriro yevachiri kuyaruka nevechidiki. Akagamuchira Bachelors of Arts muNhoroondo uye Vakadzi uye Gender Zvidzidzo kubva kuYunivhesiti yeDayton.

23.4K maonero
Goverana ne
Copy link