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Ọgụgụ ngwa ngwa Oge Ọgụgụ: 3 nkeji

Mkparịta ụka n'etiti ọgbọ na atụmatụ ezinụlọ na ọrụ SRH

Ịgbanwe Àgwàetiti Ndị Na-eto Eto na Kenya


Ọ bụ ezie na mkparịta ụka gbasara ọrụ ahụike ọmụmụ kwesịrị ghe oghe nye mmadụ niile, Ahụmahụ ụmụ nwoke na ụmụ agbọghọ na-eto eto anaghị esonye na ha, ebe nne na nna na ndị nlekọta na-eme ọtụtụ mkpebi gbasara ahụike n'aha ha. Ngalaba ahụike Kenya na-eme mmemme dị iche iche na-elekwasị anya na ndị na-eto eto. Site na The Challenge Initiative (TCI) mmemme, Mpaghara Mombasa nwetara ego iji mejuputa mmemme dị elu nke na-elebara ụfọdụ n'ime ihe ịma aka ndị na-eto eto na-enweta n'inweta mgbochi afọ ime na ahụike mmekọahụ na ịmụ nwa ndị ọzọ. (SRH) ọrụ.

Celina Githinji, ntorobia na ndi ntorobia nchikota maka Mpaghara Mombasa, Kenya, maara nke ọma ihe ịma aka mmetụta uche na nke uche nke ụmụ okorobịa na ụmụ agbọghọ ndị na-abịakwute ya maka nkwado na-eche ihu.

Dị ka onye ọrụ na-ahụ maka ahụike ịmụ nwa na ndị ntorobịa na mgbochi ime ihe ike dabere na okike, Githinji na-etinye aka na nzaghachi nke ógbè maka ihe na-emetụta ọdịmma ha.

"Ọ na-amasị m ịkwado ụmụ agbọghọ na ụmụ nwoke na inye aka na mmejuputa atumatu ga-enyere aka dozie nsogbu ndị ha na-enwe.,"Ọ na-ekwu.

Ọ bụ ezie na mkparịta ụka gbasara ọrụ ahụike ọmụmụ na-emeghere mmadụ niile, ụmụ nwoke na ụmụ nwanyị nọ n'afọ iri na ụma na-enweta ajọ mbunobi, ebe nne na nna na ndị nlekọta na-eme ọtụtụ mkpebi gbasara ahụike n'aha ha.

Members of a Youth to Youth group in Mombasa, go for a community outreach on the beach. they distribute condoms, and preform skits with messages relating to reproductive health. the initiative is supported by DSW (Deutsche Stiftung Weltbevoelkerung) an international development and advocacy organization with focus on achieving universal access to sexual and reproductive health and rights.
Ebe E Si Nweta: Jonathan Torgovnik/Getty Images/Onyonyo nke Ike.

Kwa afọ na Mombasa County, Otu ụzọ n'ụzọ atọ nke ime na-adịghị eme atụmatụ, na otu ụzọ n'ụzọ atọ nke ime ime na-emeghị atụmatụ na-ejedebe na ite ime. Data sitere na 2014 Nyocha ọnụọgụgụ na ahụike Kenya na-egosi na ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ otu n'ime ụmụ agbọghọ ise n'etiti afọ 15 na 19 a na-akọ na ọ dị ime ma ọ bụ nwee nwa ugbua. Usoro a agbanweela nke ọma kemgbe ihe karịrị iri afọ abụọ, na obere mgbanwe na-agbasa n'etiti 1993 na 2014.

Okwu a enwetala amara na mpaghara ahụ na ngalaba ahụike na-emejuputa mmemme dị iche iche na-elekwasị anya na ndị na-eto eto. Site na The Challenge Initiative (TCI) mmemme, Ógbè Mombasa nwetara ego iji mejuputa mmetụ aka dị elu nke na-eleba anya ụfọdụ n'ime ihe ịma aka ndị ntorobịa na-enwe ịnweta ọrụ mgbochi afọ.

Mkparịta ụka n'etiti ọgbọ

Otu n'ime ntinye aka etinyere bụ mkparịta ụka n'etiti ọgbọ iji weta mgbanwe dị mma gbasara ọrụ ahụike ịmụ nwa maka ndị na-eto eto..

"Mgbe anyị malitere mkparịta ụka ndị a, anyị nwetara ohere iji kparịta ihe gbasara ahụike ọmụmụ n'ezoghị ọnụ. Oge nnọkọ nke mbụ gara nke ọma, m'we che-kwa-ra onwe-ya, Kedu ihe kpatara na ị gaghị eme nke a ka usoro TV kacha amasị m, nke na-egosipụta kwa izu n'enweghị ọdịda?” na-eketa Githinji.

Mkparịta ụka a bụ iji wusie mkparịta ụka ike n'etiti ndị mmadụ n'ofe afọ, ya mere obodo niile nwere ike itinye aka na usoro mgbanwe mgbanwe. Mkparịta ụka intergenerational bu n'obi imechi ọdịiche dị n'etiti ndị otu obodo dị iche iche na inye ndị mmadụ ike ikwu okwu n'ihu ọha..

“Nnọkọ nke mbụ gara nke ọma, m'we che-kwa-ra onwe-ya, gịnị kpatara na ị gaghị eme nke a ka usoro ihe nkiri TV kacha amasị m, nke na-egosipụta kwa izu n'enweghị ọdịda?”

Celina Githinji, Onye nhazi ntorobịa na ndị ntorobịa maka Ógbè Mombasa, Kenya

Otú o si malite

“Ehaziziri m usoro mkparịta ụka obodo m wee kesaa ya na ndị otu njikwa ahụike wee nweta nkwado maka ya,” na-eketa Githinji. Ọ na-eme mkparịta ụka ma na-ekerịta ozi ahụike ọmụmụ agbakwunyere na omume ịha nhatanha nwoke na ndị isi obodo..

Site na TCI Anyị Maka Anyị nkuzi ihe nlereanya, Githinji akụzila ya 10 nke ndị ọgbọ ya, onye na-akwado ọrụ ya ugbu a. Ọ chọrọ iru ọtụtụ ndị na-emetụta obodo dịka o kwere mee.

Mmetụta nke Mkparịta ụka Intergenerational

“Nnọkọ mkparịta ụka enyerela mpaghara Mombasa aka iwulite mmekọrịta n'ime obodo na n'ọgbọ niile, irute ndị nche ọnụ ụzọ—dị ka omenala, okpukpere chi, na ndị isi obodo-ndị na-enyere aka ịmepụta atụmatụ ime ihe iji dozie ụkpụrụ mmekọrịta ọha na eze na omenala nke nwere ike igbochi ndị na-eto eto ịnweta ọrụ ahụike ọmụmụ.,” Githinji kwuru.

Na mkparịta ụka, Ndị otu obodo na-ekwurịta okwu, dị ka:

  • Akụkọ ifo na-egbochi afọ ime na echiche na-ezighi ezi.
  • Ọrịa ndị a na-ebute site ná mmekọahụ.
  • Ntinye aka nke ndị otu obodo, ndị nwoke na ụmụ nwoke, na ndị isi obodo n'inye ọrụ ahụike ọmụmụ.

N'ime otú ahụ, mpaghara ahụ na-enye aka n'ịmepụta ebe nkwado maka ndị ntorobịa na ndị ntorobịa iji nweta ọrụ ahụike ọmụmụ na ozi..

Woman that are members of the young mothers, and breast feeding women group gather regularly to discuss sexual reproductive health, and family planning options.
Ebe E Si Nweta: Jonathan Torgovnik/Getty Images/Onyonyo nke Ike

“Anyị atụkwasịkwala ndumodu na nkuzi maka nkwado na ọrụ nkwukọrịta, demystifying ezighi ezi na akụkọ ifo na ahụike ịmụ nwa maka ndị ntorobịa ntorobịa na ndị ọgbọ ha,"Mwanakarama Athman na-ekwu, Onye nhazi ahụike ịmụ nwa nke Mombasa County.

Ya na ndị na-ahụ maka ahụike ndị ọzọ, Githinji enyochakwara ụzọ ọhụrụ e si ejekwuru ndị ntorobịa na ndị ntorobịa, gụnyere site na ekwentị mkpanaaka. Ọtụtụ ndị nọ n'afọ iri na ụma na-eji ọwa WhatsApp kesaa ozi gbasara ahụike mmekọahụ na ịmụ nwa na nsogbu ndị ntorobịa na-eche ihu..

Mpaghara Mombasa enwetala nọmba efu na koodu SMS mkpanaka nke ndị ntorobịa na-eji enweta ozi, ndụmọdụ, na azịza nye ajụjụ ahụike ọmụmụ ha. "Ndị mmeri ntorobịa na-etinye aka na mkparịta ụka ndị a ma na-agbagha akụkọ ifo na echiche na-ezighị ezi na ahụike ọmụmụ n'etiti isiokwu ndị ọzọ maka ndị na-eto eto.,' kwuru Athman.

Nwanyị so na otu ụmụ nwanyị WOGE na-emekọ ihe ọnụ na-ezukọ mgbe niile iji kparịta ahụike ịmụ nwa, na nhọrọ atụmatụ ezinụlọ. N'ebe a, ha na-aga nnọkọ ngosi condom. DSW na-akwado ha (German Foundation Onu ogugu mmadu), otu mmepe mba ụwa na nkwado nkwado na-elekwasị anya n'inweta ohere zuru ụwa ọnụ maka ahụike na ikike ịmụ nwa.
Gbasaa na Onsas

Onye njikwa mpaghara, Jhpiego Kenya

Levis bụ usoro ahụike nwere ahụ ike na-akwado nkwado gọọmentị mpaghara na Kenya n'ichepụta na mejuputa omume mmetụta FP/AYSRH dị elu.. Ọ bụ onye na-ahụ maka ahụike ọha nwere ikike na ọ bụ onye otu Association of Public Health Officers nke Kenya. O nwetara akara ugo mmụta bachelor na Health Public ma na-achụ ugbu a nzere Master of Science in Public Health na Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology na Nairobi.. O nwere ahụmahụ dị ukwuu na mmemme ahụike ụwa, imewe, mmejuputa iwu, na nyocha ahụike ọha. Levis etinyela aka na mbụ n'inye nkwado teknụzụ na RMNCAH, HIV / AIDS, na ọrụ ọrịa na-adịghị agbasa. Na mbụ, ya na FHI rụkọrọ ọrụ 360 n'okpuru oru mgbochi HIV na mmemme ahụike nne nke AMREF.

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