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8 Must-See Insights for First-Time Parent Programs

A New Tool for Closing the Knowledge Gap to Reach a Critical Population of Young People, First-time Parents

This piece was originally published by Evidence to Action.

“We used to think that if you have given birth, you have no value. You have no use. So when I heard about this project for first-time parents, I was like, ‘Ah, no matter what, I will be a part of this.'”

Queen Esther Peters, a 24-year-old mom from Cross River State Nigeria, sits in a bright blue plastic chair. She’s smiling. Beside her, a circle of empty seats will soon bustle with life—

Young moms will soothe, nurse, and balance their babies on their laps. Pregnant teens and 20-somethings will share their experiences and get lifesaving health advice. First-time mothers will discover strategies to resolve conflicts and make decisions with their male partners.

Queen Esther peer group

Queen Esther is proud to lead this small peer group, part of a core package of activities for young first-time parents (FTPs) developed by the Evidence to Action (E2A) Project. E2A’s comprehensive first-time parent program model, implemented with dedicated country partners and funding from USAID, is effectively improving health and gender outcomes for this critical population in multiple countries.

Why First-Time Parents and Why Now

Each year, at least 12 million girls aged 15–19 years give birth in developing countries. And millions more young women like Queen Esther have become mothers by the time they are 25 years old.

These young first-time mothers are at increased risk of poor pregnancy, delivery, and child health outcomes—a situation compounded by multiple factors that limit their access to timely health information and services. Additional life uncertainties, especially those related to their education and economic options, also affect if, when, and how first-time parents are able to take action on their health concerns. Despite these increased risks, traditional reproductive health programs typically do not fully address the needs of FTPs.

Using E2A’s approach, programmers can close this gap and reach FTPs during this pivotal stage in their lives—when they are most receptive to information about their health and futures.

Peer group

“I learned so many things,” says Queen Esther. “I learned about exclusive breastfeeding…about my health as a mother…about caring for my baby.”

Her face brightens. She is passionate about sharing this knowledge.

“In my peer group…so many of them never knew there was anything like family planning that could help them to space the way they have their children. Before, even I thought there were only two methods,” she laughs and shakes her head. “But I have learned there are so many methods.”

Unique Opportunity for Impact

In designing FTP programs, E2A identified key outcomes important during the FTP lifestage—a 33-month interval that encompasses main health events—from conception through 2 years postpartum. Applying a context-specific life-course lens, which takes into consideration the local epidemiological profile and cultural context of reproductive health-related behaviors, helped E2A identify specific opportunities for reproductive health and related interventions and address family planning; healthy timing and spacing of pregnancies; maternal, newborn, and child health; and gender outcomes through one approach.

Furthermore, this is a formula for influencing multiple generations through one program. E2A’s approach engages diverse stakeholders, including influential male partners and mothers-in-law, and addresses specific moments where interventions can make the greatest impact, not only for the FTP’s health, but also for the wellbeing of the next generation.

Queen Esther and partner

“Decision making—I have always thought that it’s only the man of the house that has the final decision,” says Prince Emmanuel, Queen Esther’s partner and a first-time father. “But when [the project] came, they made me to understand family decisions are for the two spouses.”

“Family planning is the best thing that can ever happen to any youth,” says Queen Esther without hesitation. “Because with the knowledge of family planning, it will help you not to give birth to children when you are not ready. It will help you to position your life well and plan for your future.”

Programming for First-Time Parents That Gets Results

Since 2014, E2A has prioritized improving health outcomes for FTPs and delivered results.

Wherever E2A has implemented our first-time parent programs, voluntary contraceptive use has climbed. For example, look at these significant increases from Nigeria—

Percentage Increase in Voluntary Use of Modern Contraceptive Methods in Nigeria

Couples communication on family planning also increased significantly in Nigeria, with reported discussions about family planning among first-time mothers doubling from baseline to endline—41% to 80%, respectively—and increasing significantly among male partners—from 69% to 91%.

These results matter. So do the lessons we’ve learned along the way.

Over the course of implementing FTP projects in multiple settings, our team has gained valuable experience in the “how to”—and occasionally, the “how not to”—of FTP programming. Project experience, implementer feedback, and input provided by FTPs like Queen Esther have highlighted several programming elements that are new or distinct from traditional family planning/reproductive health or youth programming when applied to this transitional lifestage.

Now we want to share our most important takeaways with you. We believe, like Queen Esther, that knowledge should be shared.

Key Insights for First-Time Parent Programs

Key Insights for First-time Parent Programs

Today, we’re launching a new resource that contains eight important lessons we learned, as well as clear guidance and several resources you can use for developing your own work with FTPs.

These high-level FTP insights are a compilation of our learnings relevant across multiple contexts and multiple programs—from Francophone West Africa, Anglophone West Africa, and East Africa. They represent learnings from standalone FTP projects, as well as FTP programs implemented within larger projects.

No matter where you plan to implement an FTP program, or in what programmatic context, these insights should provide you with useful information as you design and implement.

Erica Mills

Program Officer for Field Support, Evidence to Action

To provide program support and technical assistance to E2A’s field support projects, Erica leverages her previous experience in program management and her passion for sexual and reproductive health and rights. Prior to joining E2A, Erica served as a Research Assistant for PMA2020, providing support to the data management and communications teams while completing her MPH at Johns Hopkins. Prior to this role, she served as a Program Manager for the Global Health Program Cycle Improvement Project (GH Pro), where she managed a diverse portfolio of short-term technical assistance assignments and project evaluations for USAID Missions and the Bureau of Global Health. Erica has also served as a Project Assistant for the Center for Science in the Public Interest. Erica received her BS in Public Health from George Washington University and her MPH from Johns Hopkins, concentrating in Women’s and Reproductive Health. Erica speaks intermediate French. When asked why she is passionate about expanding access to family planning and reproductive health, Erica says: “I believe it is vital for the health and empowerment of women and girls and the wellbeing of their families and communities.”

Eric Ramirez-Ferrero

Senior Technical Director, MOMENTUM Integrated Health Resilience/IMA World Health

Dr. Eric Ramirez-Ferrerois the senior technical director for MOMENTUM Integrated Health Resilience and leverages over 25 years of experience in senior technical and leadership positions in sexual and reproductive health and rights. Prior to joining MOMENTUM, he was the technical director of USAID’s Evidence to Action. He was instrumental in contributing to the evidence base of couple-focused interventions, advancing thinking regarding method choice, and championing young people’s meaningful engagement in policy processes. Dr. Ramirez-Ferreroholds an MPH in Population, Family and Reproductive Health from Johns Hopkins University, an MSc in Global Health Policy from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and a Ph.D. in medical anthropology and feminist theory from Stanford University.